Title Fertile egg management
Management of fertile eggs in the farm:
Today’s subject is the management of fertile eggs , in this article we will address all the processes that must be performed for incubation and thus, ensure the best use of the bird, check below.
Industrial poultry is qualified by obtaining the maximum performance and performance of the bird, being essential for this production scale the artificial incubation process.
The production of quality chicks extends far beyond the hatchery limits, as the results of the hatching process are greatly influenced by the type of raw material in question: the hatching egg. Thus, the broiler farm shares with the hatchery the responsibility for producing quality chicks, since chick quality is directly related to the quality of the hatched egg.
Correct management of fertile eggs , such as collection, cleaning, fumigations, farm storage and hatchery transport is of fundamental importance under the quality of the chicks produced.
We must bear in mind that the environment in which the egg is produced has a great influence on its quality, therefore, the farm must have adequate biosecurity conditions to avoid possible contamination of the fertile eggs
Fertile Egg Collection
It is recommended that the collection of fertile eggs be performed in plastic trays, as they are washable, easy to disinfect and allow better air circulation in storage, besides the practicality of handling during the collection process.
Recommendations of seven to ten daily collections have been more recommended because the higher the number of collections, the better the quality of the hatching egg. The goals with this practice are to reduce the number of cracked and broken eggs; reduce the number of eggs laid in the bed, thus reducing the time spent in eggs in a contaminated environment. Collect and pre-classify these eggs, discarding deformed eggs with cracked shell, dirty shell (blood, chicken excreta), shell change, size, double-yolk eggs, among other factors. which may entail the disposal of such eggs for incubation.
As the egg laying peak is in the morning, the collections should be concentrated from 6 to 12 hours, at least 4 times per period. Between 13 and 17 hours, fertile egg collections should be at least 3 times per period.
Dirty Egg Handling
Dirty eggs come from litter or nest when females sleep in their nests or when the interval between collections is too long. When starting collection work, employees should disinfect their hands, especially if bedding eggs are previously collected and always after collecting bedding eggs, and throughout the day, during bed collection. nest eggs.
Eggs laid on the bed are contaminated and require special care in collection and hygiene, beginning with cleaning the hands of employees always after collecting or handling such eggs. The litter eggs must be collected before, and separated from the nest eggs, and are destined for disposal according to current legislation. When these eggs need to be incubated, they should be sanitized with disinfectant solution at a temperature of 34 ° C immediately after collection, but should never be cleaned with steel wool to prevent grooves and to prevent bacteria and fungi from entering the interior. Egg Collection, storage and incubation of litter eggs should always be separated from nest eggs,
Management measures taken at the beginning of poultry production result in lower rates of litter eggs, as well as several collections of litter eggs during the day and the encouragement of birds to seek the nest for oviposition, which results in higher number of clean hatching eggs during the productive life of the flock.
Although produced by a healthy bird, the egg can be contaminated by excreta, nest material, handler’s hands, water, trays, litter, floor, dust, etc. Many bacteria penetrate inside, due to the temperature differential at the time of post-post cooling, and bacteria can penetrate within 30 minutes. Thus, it is important to reduce this microbial load, because the lower the contamination, the less likely the embryo will die from contamination.
The first cleaning should be performed at most 30 minutes after laying, thus trying to prevent microorganisms from crossing the shell and contaminating the egg yolk.
There are several methods available for the cleaning of fertile eggs all are effective when properly applied. The most used are:
Dry sanitation : Paraformoldehyde burning fumigation, which may not meet local operator safety regulations;
Moist hygiene : immersion and washing in running water, taking care of the humidity of the eggs;
Ozone gas sanitation : currently being disseminated with good results and greater work safety.
Still, well-sanitized eggs can recontaminate during short storage in dirty egg rooms or during transportation in poorly sanitized vehicles.
As a preventive measure against contamination of fertile eggs , we must also perform the replacement of shavings, according to the need and use of disinfectant product in the nests when they are conventional. With the use of mechanical nests, it is necessary to clean the mats, mats and disinfection of the nest periodically.
Egg storage in the farm
After collection, we must preserve the quality of fertile eggs , therefore, the egg residence time in production houses should be as short as possible, since longer residence times represent higher levels of contamination of these eggs.
The storage of these eggs in the farm room should be as short as possible, leaving free space between boxes / trolleys for better air circulation, always in an environment under controlled temperature and humidity, perfectly sanitized.
Embryogenesis that begins in the body of the chicken continues as long as the internal egg temperature is above 26 ° C, reaching physiological “zero” below 21 ° C. Thus, the eggs should gradually cool 4 to 6 hours after laying. As a rule, we should keep the egg room temperature in the farm at 20 ° C during the storage period.
Carry fertile eggs
Transport of fertile eggs to the hatchery should be done – whenever possible – daily and at the coolest times of the day. A vehicle with a thermal transport van must be used, which needs to be cleaned daily. We should also pay attention to the temperature control of this van, which should be kept between 18 and 20 ° C, thus avoiding the beginning of the embryogenesis process in eggs.
Temperature fluctuations during storage, transport and hatchery storage reduce hatchability due to increased early embryonic mortality and, consequently, chick quality.
What are the performance indicators in the production of fertile eggs and day-old chicks?
To ensure maximum use in poultry, we must be aware of the signs showing that there are flaws in the way production is managed.
In the production of fertile eggs, for example, there are some performance indicators that can help to avoid unnecessary losses and maximize farm profits.
We talk about four of these indicators below, check it out:
Performance indicators that help maximize results in fertile egg production
Number of eggs that hatched
Do you keep track of how many chicks are born on the farm? Poultry farmers know that it is normal for not all eggs to hatch, but when the number of nonbirths is too high, there is something wrong with the way eggs are being handled.
As well as being a strong indicator of how farmed the farm is, it also helps to control the hygiene of the farm, as one of the causes for the birth of many chicks may be related to egg contamination. Thus, the poultry farmer or production manager should look for answers to the questions:
How many of the eggs produced hatched?
What are the possible causes for embryonic mortality?
How can these causes be solved?
For the above example, embryonic death caused by egg contamination, improvements in the DISINFECTION METHOD can be verified. In this case, a method that guarantees higher hatching rates can lead to an increase in farm production.
- Number of eggs that have cracked or cracked
Another indicator related to egg loss is the number of eggs that have cracked or cracked. Not only are these eggs not suitable for hatching, they are not eggs that can be eaten in food. They must therefore be discarded – which explains the fact that the high egg content thus undermines farm gains.
One of the causes for a high cracked or cracked egg rate is poor handling, such as when they are placed in the incubator tray. Another possible cause is the accumulation of eggs in the shed. To avoid losses for this reason, it is recommended that collection be made at least four times a day – six during peak production. The use of materials not suitable for collection – such as baskets, buckets and pointed plastic trays – can also contribute to the increase in the number of cracked or cracked eggs (prefer fiber trays).
Proper maintenance of conventional nests, especially cracks repair, removal of perforating / sharpening objects inside the nests and consequently the maintenance of the ideal number of nests according to the shed squad, result in fewer contaminated eggs.
Other considerations needed to maintain the quality of fertile eggs after oviposition, for example, are the large number of eggs in a single nest (conventional nests) or the overcrowding of eggs in the mat (mechanized nests), which causes which collide with each other by increasing the incidence of micro cracks, with negative effects on hatching results and chick quality.
Cialne’s production matrices are housed in farms that have strict sanitary insulation standards. The eggs produced in these farms are collected and sanitized eight times a day. After this process, the eggs are transported to the Commercial Chick hatchery for processing.
Some of these fertile eggs are sold to customers who use them for hatching or sale. Another part is incubated by Cialne itself, giving rise to chicks that are sold one day or for the production of broilers.
Birds For Sale
All type of birds are attractive and rewarding to keep them in your houses, you always have a question in mind that which birds are the best and which quality is best for keeping them in house, here we are going to tell you.
Parrots of all types are beautiful and charming birds to keep, but the management and requirements of parrots are different from all other birds or livestock. They are most intelligent in birds, they can also be soo much irritating some times because of their noisy and destructive behavior. So first you have to make a commitment with yourself that are you ready to keep parrot in-home while considering all these things which might happen.
There are different types of parrots like if you want to single pet bird to entertain you daily while watching his antics and listening to his fascinating talking abilities, or you can also have a small variety of parrots in indoor cages, that will be attractive for everyone.
If you have decided about the type of parrot you wish to keep, then the next you have to consider your environment and living style and check if it suits the birds. Every type of bird requires space to do their exercise by spreading their wings, and obviously, for a larger bird, you will be required to have a larger cage or aviary. If you are thinking about small parrot birds than you should have a larger living area. If you are thinking of keeping your bird parrot outside of the cage at times, then you have to consider all the hazards to the birds like fires, children, doors, windows. And lastly don’t forget that what damage the parrot can do to your home as we said he may be destructive sometimes, like chewing the wood furniture, plants, etc.
The larger best quality parrots like Amazons and Cockatoos, are very noisy. Their periods of singing two times daily can be a joy to hear to those who love the parrots and birds. That’s their way of expressing their happiness, but also it can be a great strain for those who don’t like nuisance like your neighbor’s. You should consider the place where you live then buy the best quality bird accordingly.
As we have already stated that parrots are very intelligent amongst all other birds, and for this, they require a lot of both physical and mental stimulation. It is therefore important to consider that how much time you can spend with your birds. A single bird (parrot) may require a busy family household where there is too much activity all the time and is likely to be best for it.
To buy the best quality bird you should have that much budget for it, so you should first consider how much money do you have to spend not only on the bird but also on its accessories.
The best quality parrots from our recommendation are these two:
- African Grey Parrot
An African grey parrot can be the best talker, you should go for the younger ones.
- Amazon Parrot
Amazon Parrot can talk so fluently and he’s also very playful and entertaining.
The incubator is a useful device that allows you to incubate many eggs simultaneously and will eventually eliminate any external disturbance that might damage the eggs. Many people have egg incubators, but they lack to produce healthy chicks in them. That is why it is necessary to know about the incubators and find the best one that will help you in giving birth to healthy chicks.
You may be looking for the best incubators for sale from Hungary, then you are in the right place, we are going to give you the best possible information about the quality incubators.
You can find incubators in the market than can hold many eggs at a time, and these incubators ate capable of saving time and energy, and it can also produce a lot of chicks at a single time. You can use any type of eggs in incubators, and it also allows you to hatch eggs at any season. However the process of incubators is the same as a real bird, and the hatching process is also the same. The incubators ensure that your eggs will be safe and will prevent them from any damage.
Incubators can be used for both commercial and personal use. Mostly, incubators are used commercially, they use it for incubation and hatching of birds and any other type of eggs. With the best incubator, you can earn even more profits because it works similar to natural hen, the difference is just that it takes over the work of hen.
The best incubator depends on both the user and the hatching experience of the user. The incubators contain a fan and a mechanism that maintains the heat and humidity in the incubator.